Multi Slotted Microstrip Patch Antenna for Multiple Wireless Applications

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Description

Multi Slotted Microstrip Patch Antenna for Multiple Wireless Applications

ABSTRACT

A multi-slotted antenna is analyzed and simulated by HFSS simulation software. Two rows of rectangular slots are introduced in the rectangular geometry to enhance radiation. Many feeding techniques are available them Micro-strip feed technique is used for this design. Hexa stands for six resonant frequencies generated by this design. Due to the concept of fractal antenna similar slots are introduced in rectangles increasing the current length and discontinuity. This design is useful for six band applications. The value of return loss is less than −10 dB in all six bands with acceptable bandwidth. Frequencies of resonance are 0.27GHz, 1.7GHz, 3.3GHz, 2.7GHz, 3.5GHz and 4.3GHz their respective return loss are -53dB, -31dB, -36dB, -16dB, -31dB and -25dB. Dimensions of the antenna are 40mm*50mm due to the size of the antenna being small which makes it portable. The values of VSWR are close to two for respective frequencies which is useful for operating frequency range. FR4 substrate is used for the design and analysis of this antenna with dielectric 4.4 and thickness of 1.3 mm. The design is analyzed by HFSS software. 


Multi Slotted Microstrip Patch Antenna for Multiple Wireless Applications

INTRODUCTION

Wireless communication is one of the most important parts of today’s world. Most of the applications like GPS, mobile phones, and Bluetooth have shown huge growth, and some other applications like LAN tagging, wireless, and wireless internet are emerging every day. 

Microstrip antennas are useful as transducers that can convert EM waves into electrical signals and vice versa. These are lightweight, easy to manufacture, and small volume. 

These antennas are very useful due to their multiple advantages which are light in weight, cheap in cost, low profile and easy to configure, and simple to manufacture. In today’s scenario, microstrip patches are commonly used in the following applications which are in aircraft, Satellites, and Mobile communication. The process of Antennas fabrication and designed in multi-rectangular slotted. It can be useful for (1 to 4 GHz). So it is used in most wireless communication systems like Wi-Fi and the telecommunication industry. In the last few years, there is huge development is done in the field of antenna designing and simulation by various techniques like fractal approach, multi-dielectric, etc. Another face of development in the microstrip patch antenna is a different type of cutting in the patch as well as inside the ground plane which is called defected ground structure.  Multi Slotted Microstrip Patch Antenna for Multiple Wireless Applications


Multi Slotted Microstrip Patch Antenna for Multiple Wireless Applications

EXISTING SYSTEM

  • Printed slotted antenna
  • Microstrip patch antenna capable of working in up to 1 to 2 bands only 

DISADVANTAGES

  • Need for Complex Bias Networks to reach dual-band utilization for dual-band allocation 
  • Not capable of working in mm-wave applications.
  • Less reception due to high return loss.
  • Slots etched are equivalent to a number of bands.

Multi Slotted Microstrip Patch Antenna for Multiple Wireless Applications

PROPOSED SYSTEM

The proposed antenna design is a rectangular slotted antenna. The design is simple and the feed used is a microstrip line. The dimensions of the antenna are 40*50 used for the simulation. There are six rectangular slots in this patch to increase the bandwidth. Multi Slotted Microstrip Patch Antenna for Multiple Wireless Applications


ADVANTAGES

    • Much compact in nature.  
    • simple configuration, low profile, compact size, wide AR bandwidth,
  •  lightweight and small size.

APPLICATIONS

  • L & S-band like telecommunications, cordless telephones, some Wi-Fi devices, weather radar systems.

Multi Slotted Microstrip Patch Antenna for Multiple Wireless Applications

PROCEDURE DIAGRAM

Multi Slotted Micro strip Patch Antenna 1

 


SOFTWARE REQUIRED

  • ANSYS HFSS v14

Multi Slotted Microstrip Patch Antenna for Multiple Wireless Applications

CONCLUSION

The designed antenna can be used for six bands. A multiple rectangular slotted microstrip patch antenna is presented in this paper. The structure of this antenna is a simple and compact size of 40 which makes it easy to be incorporated into small devices. Results show that the frequency bandwidth covers L & S-band like telecommunications, cordless telephones, some Wi-Fi devices, and weather radar systems. 


REFERENCE

[1] R. Garg, P. Bhartia, I. Bahl, and A. Ittipiboon, Microstrip Antenna Design Handbook, Artech House, 2000.

[2] K. F. Lee, Ed., Advances in Microstrip and Printed Antennas, John Wiley, 1997.

[3] D. M. Pozar and D. H. Schubert, Microstrip Antennas: The Analysis and Design of Microstrip Antennas and Arrays, IEEE Press, 1995.

[4] F. E. Gardiol, “Broadband Patch Antennas,” Artech House.

[5] S K Behera, “Novel Tuned Rectangular Patch Antenna As a Load for Phase PowerCombining” Ph.D. Thesis, Jadavpur University, Kolkata.

[6] D. R. Jackson and J. T. Williams, “A comparison of CAD models for radiation from rectangular microstrip patches,” Intl. Journal of Microwave and Millimetre-Wave ComputerAided Design, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 236-248, April 1991.

[7] D. R. Jackson, S. A. Long, J. T. Williams, and V. B. Davis, “Computer-aided design of rectangular microstrip antennas”, Ch. 5 of Advances in Microstrip and Printed Antennas, K. F. Lee, Editor, John Wiley, 1997.

[8] D. M. Pozar, “A reciprocity method of analysis for printed slot and slot coupled microstrip antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propagation, vol. AP-34, pp. 1439-1446, Dec. 1986.

[9] C. A. Balanis, “Antenna Theory, Analysis and Design,” John Wiley & Sons, New York,1997.

[10] H. Pues and A Van de Capelle, “Accurate transmission-line model for the rectangular microstrip antenna,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 131, pt. H, no. 6, pp. 334-340, Dec. 1984. [10] Wei-Shiuan Chang, Chang-Fa Yang, Chih-Kai Chang, Wen-Jiao Liao;Liang Cho, Wen-Shyh Chen. Pattern Reconfigurable MillimeterWave Antenna Design for 5G Handset Applications. 2016 10th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP). 

[11] Yong-Ling Ban, Zhong-Xiang Chen, Zhi Chen, Kai Kang; Joshua LeWei Li. Decoupled Closely Spaced Heptaband Antenna Array for WWAN/LTE Smartphone Applications. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 

[12] Yong-Ling Ban, Chuan Li Chow-Yen-Desmond Sim, Gang Wu, Kin-Lu Wong 4G/5G Multiple Antennas for Future Multi-Mode Smartphone Applications. IEEE Access. 

[13] Azmi, H., Costa, M., Koivunen, V., et al.: ‘Ambiguity analysis of isolation –based multi-antenna structures on mobile terminal’. 5th European Conf.Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP), 2011, pp. 552–556 

 

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