Soldier Position Tracking and Health Monitoring System

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Description

Soldier Position Tracking and Health Monitoring System

OBJECTIVE

The objective of this system is to design a soldier position tracking and health monitoring system that enables the implementation of an autonomous biomedical monitoring system 


ABSTRACT

               Soldier and provide health monitoring, army base station and need the wireless base station to sense health-related parameters of soldiers and an IoT transmission. Upon losing on the battlefield it is necessary for the base station to guide the soldier. The base station can access the current status of the soldier which is displayed on the Personal Computer. This information will be transmitted to the control room through the Internet of Things. The proposed system comprises tiny wearable physiological devices, sensors, and transmission modules. Hence, with the use of the proposed system, it is possible to implement a low-cost mechanism to protect the valuable human life on the battlefield. 


INTRODUCTION

These emerging advanced technologies are firmly adopted by defense services to provide some safety systems to our soldiers. There are many parameters by which defense services can provide safety to the soldiers. The nation’s security is monitored and kept by the army, navy, and air force. The important and vital role is of soldiers who sacrifice their life for their country. There are many concerns regarding the safety of the soldier. Soldiers entering the enemy lines often lose their lives due to lack of connectivity, it is very vital for the army base station to know the location as well as the health status of all soldiers. So many soldiers were lost on war fields as there was no proper health backup and connectivity between the soldiers on the war fields and the officials at the army base stations.

All must be really concerned about the safety of the soldiers, so decided to build a project which will efficiently keep a check on the health status of the soldier, and his precise location to equip him with necessary medical treatments as soon as possible.


EXISTING SYSTEM

In the existing system, 

  • By using wireless communication only. 
  • Transmits the health reports also

DISADVANTAGES 

  • This system also needs a doctor in case of an emergency
  • The accuracy of output is less 
  • Costly system

    PROPOSED SYSTEM

    The proposed system not only performs the task of health monitoring but also does the tracking of soldiers using GPS. The control room can acquire the details about the soldiers The base station can access the current status of the soldier using GPS. This information will be stored on the Cloud and can be extracted on the PC of the control room, as and when extracted. Based on this information, the authorities can initiate immediate action by deploying a medical, rescue team, or any backup force for their help. Using various biomedical sensors, the health parameters of a soldier is observed along with its surrounding environment condition observed


    ADVANTAGES 

    • A wide range of communication is available (IoT)
    • Easy connectivity between modules 
    • Accuracy of output is increased
    • Easy to implement in real-time

    BLOCK DIAGRAM

    Soldier Position Tracking and Health Monitoring System
    Soldier Position Tracking and Health Monitoring System

    BLOCK DIAGRAM EXPLANATION

    • The  sensors and GPS that are mentioned above in the block diagram act as an input device
    • They give live readings to the Node MCU and ADC for converting analog values to digital values
    • Node MCU receives the input from sensors and GPS.
    • Node MCU sends output to the cloud through the MQTT protocol 

    HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS

    • Node MCU ESP8266
    • ECG sensor
    • Blood pressure sensor
    • Pulse Sensor
    • Temperature sensor
    • GPS
    • ADC

    SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

    • Programming platform: Arduino IDE 
    • Programming language: Embedded C

    REFERENCES

    1. Hock Beng Lim, Di Ma, Bang Wang, Zbigniew Kalbarczyk, Ravishankar K. Iyer, Kenneth L. Watkin, “A Soldier Health Monitoring System for military Applications”, 2010 International Conference on Body Sensor Networks, 9780-7695-4065-8/10/$26.00 © 2010 IEEE, DOI: 10.1109/BSN.2010.58, pp: (246-249).
    2. M. Pranav Sailesh, C. Vimal Kumar, B. Cecil, B. M. Mangal Deep, P. Shivraj, “Smart Soldier Assistance using WSN”, International Conference on Embedded Systems – (ICES 2014), 978-1-4799-5026-3/14/$31.00 © 2014 IEEE, pp: (244-249).
    3. P.S. Kure, S.S. Agrawal, “Real-Time Tracking and Health Monitoring System of Remote Soldier Using ARM 7”, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, ISSN: 2231-5381, Volume 4, Issue 3, No. 1, March 2013, pp: (311-315).
    4. Pravin Wararkar, Sawan Mahajan, Ashu Mahajan, Arijit Banerjee, Anchal Madankar, Ashish Sontakke, “Soldier Tracking and Health Monitoring System”, The International Journal of Computer Science & Applications, ISSN: 2278-1080, Volume 2, No. 02, April 2013, pp: (81-86).
    5. Shruti Nikam, Supriya Patil, Prajkta Powar, V. S. Bendre, “GPS Based Soldier Tracking and Health Indication System”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, ISSN: 2278-8875, Volume 2, Issue 3, March 2013, pp: (1082- 1088).
    6. William Walker, A. L. Praveen Aroul, Dinesh Bhatia, “Mobile Health Monitoring Systems”, 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, September 2-6, 2009, 978-1-42443296-7/09/$25.00 © 2009 IEEE, pp: (5199-5202).

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