IOT based Smart Parking – Node MCU

Description

Car parking is a major issue in modern congested cities of today. There simply are too many vehicles on the road and not enough parking spaces. We led to the need for efficient parking management systems. This we demonstrate the use of an IOT based parking management system that allows for efficient parking space utilization using IOT technology. To demonstrate the concept we use IR sensors for sensing parking slot occupancy along with a dc motor to simulate as gate opener motors. We now use a Wi-Fi modem for internet connectivity and a microcontroller for operating the system. We create a webpage for online connectivity and IOT management GUI design. The various steps involved in this operation are vehicle identification, free slot detection and payment calculation. Vehicle identification is carried out using RFID, free slot detection is carried out using display and payment calculation is done on the basis of the period of parking.


INTRODUCTION

The parking system is controlled by the cloud. Nowadays car parking is congested in cities. So we go to an easy method using the IoT parking system. In this project we are using the IR sensor to detect if the slot is occupied or available and the data is sent to the microcontroller. The microcontroller is sending the data to the cloud server (web page). Before this project, we want to park the car in any parking issue for cities. Now this project is very helpful to park the car in any parking using this system. This allows users to check for available parking spaces online from anywhere and available hassle-free parking. Thus the system solves the parking issue for cities and gets users an efficient IOT based parking management system.

EXISTING SYSTEM

There is no automatic system to park the car in the parking slot. They were collecting the amount from the car owner. Then only they will allow parking in the parking slot.

DISADVANTAGES

  • There may be a fear of breakdown
  • It may be bit confusing for unfamiliar users
  • Use of refunded systems will result in a greater cost

PROPOSED SYSTEM

The proposed system consists of detecting the parking lot vacancy using sensors. The vacancy information of parking lots can be obtained through webpage as well as LCD display. The entry and exit gate of a car parking lot works automatically when the presence of a car is obtained.

ADVANTAGES

  • Reduces fuel consumption and time delay. Spare time can be used for other work.
  • Manpower is reduced by this automation
  • Reduces cost for users by notifying the time wise cost.

BLOCK DIAGRAM

IOT based Smart Parking Node MCU 1
BLOCK DIAGRAM EXPLANATION
  • This block diagram consists of IR sensors , DC motor , RFID and LCD is connected to the core controller.
  • Here IR sensors are used to detect car parking slots.
  • DC motor is used to close and open the slots
  • RFID is used to enter and exit parking. Additionally, deduct parking amount as per the time
  • LCD is use to display the parking slots current status
  • The core controller is accessing the components and processing them to transfer the data through the internet.
  • Node MCU is used as a core controller. The sensor data are shown on the IOT cloud using the Wi-Fi system.

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

IOT based Smart Parking Node MCU 1


HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS

  • NODE MCU ESP8266
  • IR sensor
  • LCD 16×2
  • DC motor

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

  • Arduino IDE
  • Programming language : Embedded C

REFERENCES

  1. Supriya Shinde1, AnkitaM Patial2, pSusmedha Chavan3,Sayali Deshmukh4, and Subodh Ingleshwar5 ?IOT Based Parking System Using Google?, I-SMAC,2017,pp.634-636.
  2. HemantChaudhary, PrateekBansal., B.Valarmathi,? Advanced CAR Parking System using Arduino?, ICACCSS, 2017.
  3. Nastaran Reza NazarZadeh, Jennifer C. Dela,?Smart urban parking deducting system? ICSCE, 2016, pp-370-373.
  4. PavanKumarJogada and VinayakWarad, ?Effective Car Parking Reservation System Based on Internet of things Technologies ?.BIJSESC, 2016, Vol. 6, pp.140-142.
  5. Prof. Yashomati R. Dhumal1, Harshala A. Waghmare2, Aishwarya S. Tole2, Swati R. Shilimkar2,?Android Based Smart Car Parking System?-IJREEIE, Vol. 5, Issue 3, pp-1371-74,mar-2016.
  6. Faiz Ibrahim Shaikh, Pratik NirnayJadhav, Saideep Pradeep Bandarakar? Smart Parking System based on embedded system and sensor Network? IJCA, vol.140.pp.45-51.Apr-2016.

 

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