Detection Oil Spill In Satellite Based Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Images By Neural Network



A combination of airborne and satellite-based remote sensing is currently used for operational oil-spill monitoring worldwide. Space? borne satellite-based synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images provides an overview of large ocean areas, and surveillance aircraft can be directed to check possible oil-spill locations to verify the spill and catch the polluter. Oil-spill detection is most effectively performed on a large scale using SAR images due to its all-weather capabilities (given wind speeds in the range 2?14 m/s) and good coverage.? In this paper by using neural network the oil spill regions has been extracted in radar image.?


The main objective is to detect the oil spill using neural network technique. Oil spills?that happen in rivers, bays and the ocean most often are?caused?by accidents involving tankers, barges, pipelines, refineries, drilling rigs and storage facilities, but also occur from recreational boats and in marinas.


The main contributions of this project therefore are

  • Data Analysis
  • Dataset Preprocessing
  • Training the Model
  • Testing of Dataset


  • Principal Component Analysis
  • Local binary pattern and shape features
  • KNN and FNN classifier?

Draw backs of Existing system

  • High Computational load and poor discriminatory power.
  • LBP doesn?t differentiate the local texture region.?
  • FNN is slow training for large feature set.
  • Less accuracy in classification


  • DRLBP and GLCM
  • Neural Network classifier??
  • Fuzzy k-means clustering


It is easily detect the oil spill by using deep learning technique?

When we compare to ? existing system.

High accuracy in classification?


Detection Oil Spill In Satellite Based Synthetic Aperture Radar SAR Images By Neural Network


Digital Image Processing. Digital image processing deals with?manipulation of digital images through a digital computer. It is a subfield of signals and systems but focus particularly on images. DIP focuses on developing a computer system that is able to perform?processing?on an?image. The input of that system is a digital?image?and the system process that?image?using efficient algorithm

?It allows a much wider range of algorithms to be applied to the input data and can avoid problems such as the build-up of noise and distortionduring processing.

  1. Importing the image via image acquisition tools;
  2. Analysing and manipulating the image;
  3. Output in which result can be altered image

Image Pre-processing?is a common name for operations with?images?at the lowest level of abstraction.Its input and output are intensity?images.? The aim of?pre-processing?is an improvement of the?image?data that suppresses unwanted distortions or enhances some image?features important for further processing.



There are 3 kinds of pix applied in Digital Image Processing. They are

  1. Binary Image
  2. Gray Scale Image
  3. Colour Image

?Binary picture

A binary photograph is a virtual photo that has most effective? viable values for every pixel.? Typically the two colorings used for a binary image are black and white despite the truth that any? colors may be used.? The color used for the item(s) in the photograph is the foreground color while the rest of the picture is the historic past coloration.

Binary pix are also called bi-stage or -stage. This approach that every pixel is stored as a single bit (zero or 1).This name black and white, monochrome or monochromatic are regularly used for this idea, however may also additionally designate any pics that have best one pattern in keeping with pixel, together with grayscale photos

?Binary pics often upward push up in virtual image processing as masks or because the result of positive operations collectively with segmentation, thresholding, and dithering. Some input/output gadgets, which include laser printers, fax machines, and bi-level laptop shows, can most effective manage bi-degree pix.

Gray scale images????

A grayscale Image is virtual photo is an picture in which the price of every pixel is a single sample, this is, it consists of satisfactory depth information. Images of this type, also referred to as black-and-white, are composed solely of sun shades of gray(0-255), various from black(0) on the weakest depth to white(255) at the maximum effective.

Grayscale snap shots are extremely good from one-bit black-and-white pix, which in the context of laptop imaging are pix with only the 2 sun sunglasses, black, and white (additionally known as bi-diploma or binary photos). Grayscale snap shots have many sun sun shades of grey in among. Grayscale photos are also referred to as? ? monochromatic, denoting the absence of any chromatic version.

Grayscale pix are frequently the quit end result of measuring the intensity of moderate at every pixel in a single band of the electromagnetic spectrum (e.G. Infrared, seen mild, ultraviolet, and lots of others.), and in such instances they will be monochromatic proper at the same time as simplest a given frequency is captured. But moreover they may be synthesized from a whole color picture; see the phase approximately changing to grayscale.

Colour picture

A (digital) colour image is a virtual photograph that includes shade records for every pixel. Each pixel has a specific rate which determines its appearing shade. This fee is certified by means of manner of 3 numbers giving the decomposition of the color inside the 3 number one sun shades Red, Green and Blue. Any shade seen to human eye may be represented this manner. The decomposition of a colour inside the 3 number one hues is quantified through some of amongst 0 and 255. For instance, white may be coded as R = 255, G = 255, B = 255; black can be referred to as (R,G,B) = (0,0,0); and say, amazing pink may be : (255,0,255).?

In great phrases, an photo is an intensive -dimensional array of colour values, pixels, each of them coded on three bytes, representing the 3 primary shades. This allows the image to encompass a complete of 256x256x256 = 16.Eight million particular shades. This approach is likewise referred to as RGB encoding, and is particularly tailor-made to human imaginative and prescient

From the above determine, sun shades are coded on 3 bytes representing their decomposition on the 3 primary colorings. It sounds obvious to a mathematician to right away interpret colors as vectors in a three size area in which every axis stands for one of the number one hues. Therefore we are able to gain of maximum of the geometric mathematical requirements to cope with our colors, which consist of norms, scalar product, projection, rotation or distance.Fig.1 Hue Saturation Process of RGB SCALE Image

Detection Oil Spill In Satellite Based Synthetic Aperture Radar SAR Images By Neural Network1

The identification of devices in an picture and this method may additionally possibly begin with photograph processing techniques collectively with noise removal, observed via the usage of (low-diploma) feature extraction to find out lines, areas and probable regions with sure textures.

The smart bit is to interpret collections of those shapes as single devices, e.G. Vehicles on a avenue, boxes on a conveyor belt or cancerous cells on a microscope slide. One motive this is an AI problem is that an item can seem very one-of-a-type while viewed from unique angles or underneath amazing lighting. Another problem is finding out what skills belong to what item and which can be information or shadows and so on. The human visible device plays these responsibilities specifically unconsciously however a laptop calls for skilful programming and masses of processing strength to method human commonplace overall performance. Manipulation of records inside the shape of an photograph through severa viable strategies. An image is generally interpreted as a -dimensional array of brightness values, and is maximum familiarly represented via way of such patterns as the ones of a photographic print, slide, tv display, or movie show display. An image may be processed optically or digitally with a laptop.


Image Acquisition is to collect a digital photograph. To collect this requires an picture sensor and the functionality to digitize the sign produced thru the sensor. The sensor might be monochrome or coloration TV camera that produces an entire photo of the trouble area each 1/30 sec. The photograph sensor may also be line test virtual digicam that produces a single photo line at a time. In this situation, the gadgets movement beyond the road.?


Image enhancement is most of the best and maximum appealing regions of digital image processing. Basically, the concept in the back of enhancement strategies is to perform detail that is obscured, or clearly to spotlight certain features of exciting an picture. A familiar instance of enhancement is at the same time as we growth the assessment of an photograph due to the fact ?it appears higher.? It is essential to remember the fact that enhancement is a completely subjective place of photo processing.


Image recuperation is a place that also deals with enhancing the appearance of an image. However, not like enhancement, that is subjective, photograph recuperation is goal, in the experience that restoration techniques will be predisposed to be based on mathematical or probabilistic fashions of picture degradation.?


  • DWT


Based on the oil spill detection we used a deep learning technique to detect oil spill . oil spill that happen in rivers, bays and the ocean most often are?caused?by accidents involving tankers, barges, pipelines, refineries, drilling rigs and storage facilities, but also occur from recreational boats and in marinas.?spills?can be?caused?by: people making mistakes or being careless. equipment breaking. In this we using grayscale co-occurrence matrix and discrete wavelet transform and discrete local binary pattern.


[1] R. Mahr and C. R. Chase, BOil spill detection technology for early warning spill prevention,[ in Proc. MTS/IEEE OCEANS Conf., 2009, pp. 1?8.?

[2] A. Dierks, V. L. Asper, R. Highsmith, M. Woolsey, S. Lohrenz, K. McLetchie, A. Gossett, M. Lowe, D. Joung, L. McKay, S. Joye, and A. Teske, BNIUSTVDeepwater horizon oil spill response cruise,[ in Proc. OCEANS, 2010, DOI: 10.1109/OCEANS.2010. 5664443

[3 D. Kim, W. Moon, and Y.-S. Kim, BApplication of TerraSAR-X data for emergent oil-spill monitoring,[ IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 852?863, Feb. 2010.

[4] ] I. Keramitsoglou, C. Cartalis, and C. Kiranoudis, BAutomatic identification of oil spills on satellite images,[ Environ. Model. Softw., vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 640?652, 2006?

[5] ] D. Casciello, T. Lacavat, N. Pergolat, and V. Tramutoli, BRobust satellite techniques (RST) for oil spill detection and monitoring,[ in Proc. Int. Workshop Anal. Multi-Temporal Remote Sens. Images, 2007, DOI: 10.1109/ MULTITEMP.2007.4293040 .


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